Work and Migration Below you will find information on the topic of labour migration of EU/EEA citizens and persons from third countries. For further information in German and English visit our “Migration Portal” (see “Further information and useful links” at the bottom of this page).
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The employment of foreign citizens
The Act Governing the Employment of Foreign Nationals (Ausländerbeschäftigungsgesetz, AuslBG), the corresponding provisions of the Settlement and Residence Act (Niederlassungs- und Aufenthaltsgesetz, NAG) as well as the Aliens Police Act 2005 (Fremdenpolizeigesetz, FPG) are the legal basis for the admission of foreign workers to the Austrian labour market.
Workers from EU/EEA states
Workers from EU Member States and from the EEA states of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway have free access to the Austrian labour market and do not require a work permit to start work (they enjoy freedom of movement for workers). This also applies to workers from Switzerland (Agreement on the Free Movement of Persons between Switzerland and the EU/EFTA).
EU/EEA workers who wish to remain in Austria for more than three months require a registration certificate (Anmeldebescheinigung); issued by the competent settlement authority.
Workers from EU/EEA states who have a place of residence in Austria can obtain the support of the Public Employment Service (AMS) when searching for a job vacancy. Those who do not yet have a place of residence in Austria can look for job vacancies via the European job mobility portal EURES.
Workers from third countries (non-EU/EEA states)
For long-term access to the labour market, workers from third countries require a combined work and residence permit which either enables employment for a specific employer (e.g. the Red-White-Read Card) or which grants free access to the labour market (e.g. Red-White-Red Card Plus or residence title “Long-term resident EU”).
Permanent Immigration – Red-White-Red Card
Qualified workers from third countries can obtain the right to permanent residence and work in Austria with the Red-White-Red Card. Access is granted via a points system.
The most important criteria for the award of a Red-White-Red Card are qualification, work experience, language skills, age, a suitable job offer and appropriate payment.
The following groups of persons can obtain a Red-White-Red Card:
- Very Highly Qualified Workers
- Skilled Workers in Shortage Occupations
- Other Key Workers
- Graduates from Austrian Universities and Colleges of Higher Education
- Regular Workers in Tourism, Agriculture and Forestry
- Self-employed Key Workers
- Start-up Founders
The Red-White-Red Card is issued for a period of 24 months and entitles the holder to fixed-term settlement and employment by the employer specified in the application or as self-employed workers.
Red-White-Red Card Plus
The Red-White-Red Card plus entitles the applicant to fixed-term settlement and unlimited labour market access.
Persons who have already been employed with a Red-White-Red Card for 21 months within the last 24 months can apply for a Red-White-Red Card plus.
Holders of a Red-White-Red Card can bring their family members with them. They receive a Red-White-Red Card plus and unrestricted labour market access in Austria. Persons who have already been settled in Austria for five years can apply for a residence title “Long-term resident EU”, which entitles the applicant to unlimited settlement with unrestricted access to the Austrian labour market. Advanced German language skills (B1 level) are required for this residence title.
Labour Market Access for Students at Schools and Universities
Students with a corresponding residence permit can be employed if this does not interfere with their education as their primary purpose of residence. Students at schools and universities with a nationality from a third country are subject to the Act Governing the Employment of Foreign Nationals and require an employment permit for employment in Austria. This also applies to marginal employment!
Fixed-term Employment – Posting of Workers to Austria
Posting of workers is defined as the process whereby foreign employers without a place of business in Austria temporarily post workers in Austria to fulfil an assignment. Such work is usually carried out based on a contractual obligation, in particular a contract for work/services.
Posted workers are entitled to and have to receive (at least) the statuary payment plus special payments, overtime premiums, and other bonuses and allowances in Austria due to according law, decree or collective agreement (wage and salary).
Further details are available on our “Posting of Workers Platform” (see “Further information and useful links” at the bottom of this page).
Fixed-term Employment – Intra-Corporate Transfers (ICT)
Key workers, who are going to be temporarily employed in an Austrian branch of their company or group by their employer, may obtain a residence permit entitling them to residence and taking up employment in Austria. For personnel leasing companies or placement agencies intra-corporate transfer is not applicable.
Fixed-term Employment – Seasonal Workers
By way of regulation, the Federal Minister of Labour and Economy may set quotas for the employment of seasonal workers and harvest-helpers if the available workforce cannot cover the demand for such workers.
Regulations of this kind are regularly issued for the sectors of tourism and agriculture/forestry.
Fixed-term Employment – Au pairs
Au pairs are foreign citizens (usually students at schools or universities) between 18 and 28 years of age who would like to improve their German language skills acquired abroad and get to know Austrian cultural and social life during their stay in Austria. The au pair is taken into the host family and helps with childcare and easy household tasks.
Recognition of qualifications
For foreign citizens, recognition of their qualifications can play an important role when entering the Austrian labour market.
There are Contact Points for persons resident in Austria who obtained qualifications abroad and who have questions on the recognition of their qualifications or on how to make use of their abilities here.
These Contact Points offer their services (support in the recognition and assessment process) in Vienna, Linz, Graz and Innsbruck. However, once a week, support is also given in the cities of Feldkirch, Sankt Pölten, Wiener Neustadt, Klagenfurt and Salzburg.
The tasks of the Contact Points
- Providing free multilingual advice
- Clarification on whether formal recognition is necessary or possible
- If required, providing support throughout the entire recognition process
- Obtaining certified translations of diplomas, reports and references and other documents
- Passing on documents to an assessment office
- Offering information on initial and further training opportunities
Evaluation of the Contact Points
L&R Sozialforschung OG has carried out an evaluation of the Contact Points on behalf of the Ministry of Labour and Economy.
Further Information and Useful Links
- Migration portal - Living and Working in Austria
- Posting of workers platform (in English and other languages)
- Recognition Guide (in English and other languages)
- AST – Contact Point for people who gained professional qualifications abroad (in English and other languages)
- RIS - Act Governing the Employment of Foreign Nationals (in German)
- RIS - Aliens Police Act 2005 (in German)
- RIS - Settlement and Residence Act (in German)